References: The reference section gives complete details about sources that were cited, in any section of the text. A "Bibliography," on the other hand, refers to a list of materials used to obtain background knowledge on a subject. There are several standard styles for listing references. Depending on what type of scientific writing you are doing, you may be directed to follow a particular format. If so, follow the format that has been specified exactly. When references are cited, either the reference number or the author’s last name and the publication year are used. Example: “Some strains of E. coli can grow in orange juice (1)…” or “Some strains of E. coli can grow in orange juice (Brown, 1999)….” In this class, we will use the reference style of the American Society for Microbiology Journals. When references are cited within the paper , only the number is used. References are numbered in the order in which they appear in the article (citation-sequence reference system). No reference should be included that is not cited in the paper. Remember that ALL information within the report that is not your original work or idea should be referenced. Statements by other authors are usually paraphrased or summarized – direct quotations are rare in scientific writing.